Louis XIV: The Sun King “I am the state.” This quote refers to why Louis XIV was called The Sun King.Louis took the sun as the symbol of his power. ◆ The reign of Louis XIV, also known as the ‘Sun King’, was the longest in European history, and the absolutism in French monarchy reached its zenith during his reign. Such an observation is in no way original. Constitutional monarchies saw the king or queen share power with a group of officials, such as parliament. Louis XIV set up the Royal School of Saint-Cyr, an aristocratic convent, in response to Mme. So far, the rulers of Europe have been working to consolidate their power and expand their kingdoms, and this is it. Louis XIV made this statement, "l'etat c'est moi" which means. Similarly, his kingship bestowed upon him a quasi-spiritual role, symbolized by his consecration with holy oil at his coronation, which obliged him to govern justly in accordance with the laws of God and Christian morality. French power and culture spread throughout Europe. Kangxi vs. Louis XIV- Absolutism Absolute monarchy or absolutism means that the sovereign power or ultimate authority in the state rested in the hands of a king who claimed to rule by divine right. Louis XIV of France: Palace of Versailles as a symbol of royal power; Peter the Great of Russia: Westernization of Russia These include the longest and most fruitful source, the Mémoires de Louis XIV pour l'instruction du Dauphin, some of his letters, and some of his miscellaneous short pieces. As absolute monarch, Louis XIV set about reforming the state politically, economically and culturally. Louis XIV was an absolute monarch. de Maintenon's wish. His goal, also acquainted with absolutism, was, “one king, one law, one faith;” Furthermore, Louis wanted to promote religious unity, royal dignity, and … PLAY. All of this is possible now because of Louis XIV’s idea to use the arts to represent his rule as an absolute monarch. Match.  Controlled his nobles at Versailles. No place could be more accessible to the public than the Louvre and (even more so) Versailles. He emphasizes on the hard work and dedication a king should put in, in order to maintain his absolute power. Study 44 Chapter 7 Test flashcards from Rebecca H. on StudyBlue. Read this History Other Essay and over 89,000 other research documents. Absolutism was a system of government in which all sovereignty resided with the king, true to Louis XIV’s dictum: “I am the state.” Particularly in France and Germany, the wars of religion had seriously weakened national governments and monarchies. Aided by politicians such as Jean-Baptiste Colbert, and more especially, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his kingdom. Absolutism is the system of rule that allows one or more rulers to maintain absolute power over everything in the land. Kangxi and Louis XIV were both shining examples for absolutist rule. In terms of morality, ‘absolutism’ refers to at least two distinct doctrines. In 1682 he moved the royal Court to the Palace of Versailles, the defining symbol of What are the advantages of an absolute... How did France become an absolute monarchy? This was the ultimate declaration of absolutism. Louis XIV: Description of Kingship In 1666 Louis wrote a memorandum to his son describing the functions and conduct of a king. This style of absolute rule had allowed the monarch to trust in the nobles and clergy to support him. Perhaps most of all, the king was limited by financial stringency. But these were mere palliatives, and the king was forced on two occasions to introduce novel measures: in 1695 he levied a capitation, or head tax, applicable to all French laymen, even to the princes of the blood, and in 1710 a dixième (the tithe, or tenth) that similarly went against the interests of the privileged classes, including the clergy, by requiring one-tenth to be paid to the state from all incomes. Louis XIV did not believe in the divine right of kings. ◆ Louis XIV segregated power from status and nobility using court ceremonials, entertainment, sleuths, and informers to … All rights reserved. Louis XIV And Absolutism: Louis The Great And The Sun King 1359 Words 6 Pages Louis XIV the king that held his monarchy for the longest recorded time in European history [72 years], one of the most influential monarchs, who was also referred to as Louis the Great and the Sun King. A French coin from 1789, bearing the likeness of Louis XVI. Kossmann, E.H. The financial difficulties that limited Louis XIV’s ambitions were due in part to the problems plaguing France’s economy. When the duke joined the alliance against France, a secret clause required him to restore the rights the Vaudois had lost. a system of government where one person has total control. The Palace of Versailles supported absolutism during King Louis XIV’s reign through propaganda, and control of nobility. The political theory of Louis XIV is contained for the most part in the King's manuscripts which repose in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. Louis XIV’s palace of Versailles is the epitome of the principles of absolutism. Louis XIV identified himself directly with the governing of the nation. There is no higher power and even the Parliament could not overrule Louis’ decisions. Dealing with the Gallican Church and the Pope . Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Eliannarwasserman. Louis XIV was an absolute monarch. How did Louis XIV consolidate his monarchy? STUDY. King Louis XIV was an absolute monarch because he answered only to God. Absolutism and Louis Xiv. $100 million. Such an … Louis could and often did try to persuade the cities and provincial Estates to raise their contributions and the clergy to increase the size of their don gratuit (“free gift”); he also created more offices and annuities. History Quiz #2- Absolutism and Louis XVI. Louis XVI's grandfather had began the tradition of absolutism by building Versailles, by forcing the nobles to live at Versailles for a period each year, and by establishing a system of court rituals that helped the monarch root out the loyal from the less so. King Louis XIV was able to combine both strands into a worshipful blend of absolutist thought. Both Louis XV and Louis XVI enjoyed absolute power. This was the ultimate declaration of absolutism. Title: Absolutism and Louis XIV 1 Absolutism and Louis XIV 2 Absolutism. Louis XIV, the Sun King The best example of seventeenth-century absolutism is the reign of Louis XIV of France. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In other words, the opportunity to enter the highest ranks of the nobility, which had long been available in France, was simply emphasized by Louis XIV. Start studying World History Unit 5: Absolutism in France. He created a centralized state that gave him complete power over the French government. Firstly, absolutism may refer to the claim that there exists a universally valid moral system, which applies to everyone whether they realize it or not. Absolutist rulers wanted absolute authority, and they would manipulate the lives of the peasants, clergy, and nobles in order to do so. As absolute monarch, Louis XIV set about reforming the state politically, economically and culturally. 3 Cardinal Richelieu. Within both these pays d’état and pays d’élection (where the Estates no longer met) there was a variety of groups and corporations, not to mention individuals, with their own legally held rights, privileges, and exemptions, such as the nobility, the clergy, the towns, and the king’s officers.