original white house

[81] The Ground Floor is made up of the Diplomatic Reception Room, Map Room, China Room, Vermeil Room, Library, the main kitchen, and other offices. [22] The main residence, as well as foundations of the house, were built largely by enslaved and free African-American laborers, as well as employed Europeans. Built to be the permanent presidential mansion, it was not used by any President. Kenny, Peter M., Frances F. Bretter and Ulrich Leben. It was nearly completed by the time of Adam's 1797 inauguration. The bow is flanked by five bays, the windows of which, as on the north façade, have alternating segmented and pointed pediments at first-floor level. [9] Philadelphia rented the mansion of the wealthy merchant Robert Morris at 190 High Street (now 524–30 Market Street) as the President's House, which Washington occupied from November 1790 to March 1797. Among its uses, the East Wing has intermittently housed the offices and staff of the first lady, and the White House Social Office. James Hoban substantially reduced the house's scale in the final approved design. The White House was the largest house in the United States until after the Civil War. Bordering the East Colonnade is the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden, which was begun by Jacqueline Kennedy but completed after her husband's assassination. Antique furniture was acquired, and decorative fabric and trim based on period documents was produced and installed. When Thomas Jefferson moved into the house in 1801, he (with architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe) added low colonnades on each wing that concealed stables and storage. Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from April 2015, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz place identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Huchet de Quénetain, Christophe. James Hoban was appointed to rebuild the house, and President James Monroe moved into the building in 1817. L'Enfant's original design for a "President's Palace" was approximately four times the size of the present White House. [21] On his return to the U.S. he then shared the influence with Washington, Hoban, Monroe, and Benjamin Henry Latrobe. The ground floor is rusticated in the Palladian fashion. [74], In the 1990s, Bill and Hillary Clinton refurbished some rooms with the assistance of Arkansas decorator Kaki Hockersmith, including the Oval Office, the East Room, Blue Room, State Dining Room, Lincoln Bedroom, and Lincoln Sitting Room. [48] Another site under consideration was Metropolis View, today the campus of The Catholic University of America.[49]. [70], Computers and the first laser printer were added during the Carter administration, and the use of computer technology was expanded during the Reagan administration. [20] The theoretical link between the two houses has been criticized because Hoban did not visit France. He lived at the first, known as the Franklin House and owned by Treasury Commissioner Samuel Osgood, at 3 Cherry Street through late February 1790. He is reputed to have met with Hoban then. The wallpaper had hung previously on the walls of another mansion until 1961 when that house was demolished for a grocery store. Like the English and Irish country houses it was modeled on, the White House was, from the start, open to the public until the early part of the 20th century. [33][34] The current letterhead wording and arrangement "The White House" with the word "Washington" centered beneath goes back to the administration of Franklin D. [74] The house was accredited as a museum in 1988. The modern-day White House complex includes the Executive Residence, West Wing, East Wing, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building—the former State Department, which now houses offices for the president's staff and the vice president—and Blair House, a guest residence. [17], On July 16, 1792, the president met with the commissioners of the federal city to make his judgment in the architectural competition. Our first president, George Washington, selected the site for the White House in 1791. [24], In 1814, during the War of 1812, the White House was set ablaze by British troops[39] during the Burning of Washington, in retaliation for attacking and burning Toronto (then called York),[40] Port Dover and other towns in Upper Canada; much of Washington was affected by these fires as well. Kennedy. Once this work was completed, the interior rooms were rebuilt. On Saturday, November 1, 1800, he became the first president to occupy the White House. The roofline is hidden by a balustraded parapet. [56]:29, Out of respect for the historic character of the White House, no substantive architectural changes have been made to the house since the Truman renovation. [56]:17 The West Wing was damaged by fire on Christmas Eve 1929; Herbert Hoover and his aides moved back into it on April 14, 1930. The windows of the four bays flanking the portico, at first-floor level, have alternating pointed and segmented pediments, while at second-floor level the pediments are flat. It includes the central Executive Residence flanked by the East Wing and West Wing. The White House retains the right to have these items returned. The original design of the White House in 1800 (Library of Congress) Mr. Jefferson's House : Latrobe's first floor plan for Jefferson, showing a plan for a south portico with broad veranda . Construction was begun on it in 1792, and it has been the home of every U.S. president from John Adams (our second president) to today. Over twenty wagonloads of furniture and household items were removed from the building and sold at a public auction. The residence was designed by Irish-born architect James Hoban[3] in the neoclassical style. These tours were suspended in the wake of the September 11 attacks. Construction of the White House in Washington, D.C., began in 1792. ", "Solar Energy is Back at the White House", "Solar panels installed on White House roof", "Now playing at the White House: East Wing holds movie theater for First Family and friends", "Debates and Decisions: Life in the Cabinet Room", "White House Big Dig wraps up, but the project remains shrouded in mystery", "White House Magnolia Tree Planted by Andrew Jackson Will Be Cut Down", "The story of the White House's famous magnolia tree", "Michelle Obama Goes Organic and Brings in the Bees", "The Time a Stolen Helicopter Landed on the White House Lawn - Robert Preston's wild ride", "Intruding pilots released without charges", "Public Report of the White House Security Review", "Statement of Committee of 100 on the Federal City and The National Coalition to Save Our Mall", "White House tours canceled due to federal budget cuts", "White House Tours To Resume In November (With A Catch)", "Norge sikret innsettelsen av Bush – Nyheter", "White House Holiday Tour with Laura Bush", Belmont–Paul Women's Equality National Monument, Japanese American Patriotism During World War II, Signers of the Declaration of Independence, Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Boundary markers of the original District of Columbia, Women in Military Service for America Memorial, National Desert Storm and Desert Shield War Memorial, National Capital Memorial Advisory Commission. [30] A myth emerged that during the rebuilding of the structure after the Burning of Washington, white paint was applied to mask the burn damage it had suffered,[31] giving the building its namesake hue. McKellar, Kenneth, Douglas W. Orr, Edward Martin, et al. These influences, though undocumented, are cited in the official White House guide, and in White House Historical Association publications. [75] During the administration of George W. Bush, First Lady Laura Bush refurbished the Lincoln Bedroom in a style contemporary with the Lincoln era; the Green Room, Cabinet Room, and theater were also refurbished.[75]. At the center of the façade is a neoclassical projecting bow of three bays. Those open houses sometimes became rowdy: in 1829, President Andrew Jackson had to leave for a hotel when roughly 20,000 citizens celebrated his inauguration inside the White House.
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