Soil degradation is the decline in soil condition caused by its improper use or poor management, usually for agricultural, industrial or urban purposes. Bowen, D.E. Land degradation also has serious knock-on effects for humans, such as malnutrition, disease, forced migration, cultural damage, and even war. Soils are a fundamental natural resource, and are the basis for all terrestrial life. Naturally occurring, iron-sulphides underlie large areas of Australia’s low-lying coastal areas. The modern agricultural practises, excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides has adversely degraded the natural quality and fertility of the cultivation land. Ambrose, T.J. Bassett, M.L. The act or process of degrading. Land degradation is a global challenge that affects everybody through food insecurity and higher food prices, through climate change and environmental hazards, and through the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. en * We recognize that actions to reduce emissions, including from deforestation and forest degradation, and to increase removals by sinks in the land use, land use change, and forestry sector, including cooperation on tackling forest fires, can make a contribution to stabilizing greenhouse gases … This Atlas presents state-wise desertification and land degradation status maps depicting land use, process of degradation … Degradation of soil as a result of Erosion 2. Land Degradation Land degradation is defined as the temporary or permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land, and the diminution of the productive potential, including its major land uses (e.g., rain-fed arable, irrigation, forests), its farming systems (e.g., smallholder subsistence), and its value as an economic resource. Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. Definition Of Environmental Degradation. The growing population pressure, during 1980–1990, has led to decreases in the already small areas of agricultural land per person in six out of eight countries (14% for India and 21% for Pakistan). Land Degradation is a global concern for sustainable development, conservation of biodiversity and mitigating and adapting to climate change. Soil erosion from agricultural fields is estimated to be currently 10 to 20 times (no tillage) to more than 100 times (conventional tillage) higher than the soil formation rate (medium confidence).". [2] Natural hazards are excluded as a cause; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as floods and bush fires. Definition Of Environmental Degradation. 3. [technical] There are serious problems of land degradation in some arid zones. 15 policy briefs. Population pressure also operates through other mechanisms. land degradation definition in the English Cobuild dictionary for learners, land degradation meaning explained, see also 'land up',land mass',land mine',common land', English vocabulary Policies and programmes to halt and reverse land degradation have long suffered from the absence of a clear overarching goal and quantitative, time-bound targets to guide action and make measurable progress. Other dryland regions have also experienced desertification. Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by one or more combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. Video shows what land degradation means. In 2015, about 500 (380–620) million people lived within areas which experienced desertification between the year 1980s and 2000s. There are four main ways of looking at land degradation and its impact on the environment around it: A problem with defining land degradation is that what one group of people might view as degradation, others might view as a benefit or opportunity. Land that is degraded becomes less resilient than undegraded land, which can lead to even further degradation through shocks to the landscape. Journal of Environmental Quality 26: 581–589. Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) has been defined by the Parties to the Convention as: A state whereby the amount and quality of land resources, necessary to support ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remains stable or increases within … Changes in climatic conditions because of unbalanced created in the environment. 4. Land degradation means: 1. 2. The most important, according to the EEA (1998), is soil contamination. Environmental degradation is the deterioration (causing degenerative harm) of the environment through exhaustion of natural assets such as water, soil, and air including the ecosystem, habitat intrusion, wildlife extermination, and environmental pollution. land degradation definition in English dictionary, land degradation meaning, synonyms, see also 'Land',Land',Adélie Land',Arnhem Land'. For example, planting crops at a location with heavy rainfall and steep slopes would create scientific and environmental concern regarding the risk of soil erosion by water, yet farmers could view the location as a favourable one for high crop yields. Desertification & Land Degradation. What’s more, full degradation might mean that it is also unrecoverable. 2 Land degradation affects people and ecosystems throughout the planet and is both affected by 3 climate change and contributes to it. also environmental degradation is the gradual destruction or reduction of the quality and quantity of human activities animals activities or natural means example water causes soil erosion, wind, etc. It can be prevented by formation of ridge and furrow during irrigation which lessens run off. 24 examples: Inevitably, the purchase of more livestock in the situation of decreasing land… A form of land degradation associated with the coast is acid sulfate soils. Land erosion is also a serious problem caused by forest fires and land It is viewed as any change or disturbance to the land perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. Content Filtrations 6. 1 Definition of land degradation Land degradation can be defined in several ways depending upon the subject that needs to be emphasized. Land Pollution can simply be defined as the contamination or degradation of earth surface. Increasing growth of population and demand for more residential areas and commercial sectors is also one of the reasons for land degradation. Information on the economic impact of land degradation by different processes on a global scale is not available. DEGRADATION Meaning: "a reduction in rank or dignity," from French dégradation (14c., Old French degradacion), noun of action… See definitions of degradation. In turn, unsustainable land use is driving land degradation. A general definition of land degradation is presented by Wasson (1987) as: "Land degradation is a change to land that makes it less useful for human beings". [1] Land shortage and poverty, taken together, lead to non-sustainable land management practices, meaning the direct causes of degradation. What is land degradation? Meanings of environmental terms. Degraded land is land that has lost some degree of its natural productivity due to human-caused processes. Land degradation is the major consequences of direct interference of human activities in the natural phenomenon. As a result of sea-level rise from climate change, salinity levels can reach levels where agriculture becomes impossible in very low-lying areas. degradation definition: 1. the process in which the beauty or quality of something is destroyed or spoiled: 2. the…. Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. Also, environmental degradation aspects such as deforestation and mining destroy the natural land cover. Land degradation is an important factor of internal displacement in many African and Asian countries.[10]. Meaning of Land Pollution. The degradation of land or of the environment is the process of its becoming damaged and poorer, for example because of the effects of pollution, industry, and modern agricultural methods . Another word for degradation. It negatively affects food production, livelihoods, and the production and provision of other ecosystem goods and services. The act or process of degrading. The causes of land degradation can be dividedinto natural hazards, direct causes, and underlying causes. Significant land degradation from seawater inundation, particularly in river deltas and on low-lying islands, is a potential hazard that was identified in a 2007 IPCC report. Overgrazing is the grazing of natural pastures at stocking intensities above the livestock carrying capacity; the resulting decrease in the vegetation cover is a leading cause of wind and water erosion. Action in the land's capacity to provide resources for human livelihoods. This is particularly the case for populations living in rural areas where most of the poor people reside: estimates report that 80% of the extreme poor live in rural areas and 65% work in the agricultural sector. The soil integrates a variety of important processes involving vegetation growth, overland flow of water, infiltration, land use and land management. It affects the land’s topsoil, the vegetation that grows on it, and the nearby water sources. The highest numbers of people affected are in South and East Asia, the circum Sahara region including North Africa, and the Middle East including the Arabian Peninsula (low confidence). "[11] Additionally, it is claimed that 74% of the poor are directly affected by land degradation globally.[6]. A definition of land degradation with examples. This is considered to be an important topic of the 21st century due to the implications land degradation has upon agricultural productivity, the environment, and its effects on food security. Land degradation can go fast, as can be the case of deforestation or forest fires, but often land degradation is a very slow process. In the context of developing policies to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), degraded land refers to areas with low carbon stocks. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary In Canada, for example, on-farm effects of land degradation were estimated to range from US$700 to US$915 million in 1984 (Girt, 1986). ... Related to degradation: Land degradation. Learn more. Land degradation is damage to land that makes it less economically useful and less biologically diverse. As the land resource base becomes less productive, food security is compromised and competition for dwindling resources increases, the seeds of famine and potential conflict are sown. [1] It is viewed as any change or disturbance to the land perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. The result is a loss of land productivity with impacts on livelihoods and Land degradation. Land degradation is a negative change in the quality of land, usually induced by a mixture of natural and man-made causes. Exposure of naked soil after harvesting by heavy equipment, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 13:41. For example, if soil degrades so much that all nutrients are lost, the land may no longer be able to support any life. Avoiding soil degradation is crucial to our well-being. A standard guideline proposal, "Human Induced Land Degradation is Preventable", USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, The Economics of Land Degradation Initiative – Homepage, Safety of high-energy particle collision experiments, Existential risk from artificial intelligence, Self-Indication Assumption Doomsday argument rebuttal, Self-referencing doomsday argument rebuttal, List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events, List of apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Land_degradation&oldid=998245540, Human activities with impact on the environment, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Define degradation. Terminski, Bogumil, Towards Recognition and Protection of Forced Environmental Migrants in the Public International Law: Refugee or IDPs Umbrella (December 1, 2011). Report a Violation, Land Degradation: Mechanisms and Causes of Land Degradation, Land Degradation: 9 Main Causes of Land Degradation, Mineral Resources: Useful Notes on the Types and Uses of Mineral Resources. Surface Runoff Surface runoff is a natural type of land erosion that occurs when excess water from storms and melting snow carries soil away. Severe land degradation affects a significant portion of the Earth's arable lands, decreasing the wealth and economic development of nations. Natural hazards are excluded as a cause; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as floods and bush fires. 40 guest articles. But just what is the meaning of land pollution? 5. n. 1. Land degradation is a global challenge that affects everybody through food insecurity and higher food prices, through climate change and environmental hazards, and through the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. 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